The total force required to push a vehicle at speed is the sum of the aerodynamic drag and the rolling resistence. The power required is the total force times the velocity.

F_{Total} = F_{Drag} + F _{Rolling Resistence}

P_{Total} = F_{Drag}•v + F _{Rolling Resistence}•v

P = (ref p•A•Cd•v^{2})•v + r_{0}•v

where; FA = Air drag in Newtons, (force)

p = Density of air = 1.23 kg/m^{3}

A = Frontal area in square meters

Cd = Drag coefficient

v = velocity in meters/second

For the GM Impact, power, as a function of velocity, is:

P = ½•(1.23 kg/m3)•(1.58 m2)•(.19)•v3 + (9,790 N • 0.0048)•v

At 60 mph or 100 kph;

P = 4,052.8 + 1,315.8 = 5,368.6 N•m/s = 5.368 Kw

The power require as a function of velocity goes up with the cube of the velocity. This graph illustates this fact for the GM Impact.

The energy consumed for a vehicle to travel is a function of the power being consumed over a period of time or the force over a distance.

Energy = power•time = force•distence

From the information above, the GM Impact require 5.368 kilowatts at 97 kph (60 mph). In one hour the Impact would consume 5.368 kilowatt•hours, kwh. Also, the Impact requires a force of 193.65 Newtons to travel at 97 kph. In one hour the vehicle will travel 97 km. The energy consumed is 97,000m•193.65N = 18,784,050 N•m or 5.218 kwh. So, whether the energy is determined by power and time or force and distence, the results can be very close.